Employment Resources List

The following is a review of existing state, regional, and national training resources.  The review includes a variety of types of resources such as websites, articles, books, curricula, and online tools.  Most resources are free to access.

Employment First and Other National Efforts

žOregon Developmental Disability Employment Support
This website has information about the Employment First Initiative; Events and Materials; Find a Provider; Keys for Case Managers; Outcomes and Data; and Success Stories related to people in Oregon and employment.

žAlliance for Full Participation
The primary goal of the Alliance for Full Participation (AFP) is to double the employment rate for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities by 2015. Their vision is “that people with developmental disabilities and their families realize the promise of integration, productivity, independence and quality of life choices.”

APSE: Advancing Employment. Connecting People.
APSE is the only national organization with an exclusive focus on integrated employment and career advancement opportunities for individuals with disabilities.  APSE is a growing national non-profit membership organization, founded in 1988 now known as Association of Persons Supporting Employment First (APSE).

žCimera, R. (2009). The monetary benefits and costs of hiring supported employees: A pilot study. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 30, 111 – 119. (available by subscription or for purchase)
“This paper illustrates the implementation of a new cost-accounting methodology that can be used to measure the monetary outcomes of supported employment from the perspective of employers. The methodology attempts to ascertain which “type” of employee (i.e., workers with disabilities versus workers without disabilities) is most economical for employers to hire. Avenues for future research are also presented.”

Center for Medicaid, CHIP and Survey & Certification
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Service.
Informational Bulletin, from September 16, 2011, is intended to provide clarification of existing CMS guidance on development and implementation of §1915 (c) Waivers regarding employment and employment related services.

Disability Employment Initiative
NDI Consulting, Inc., the National Technical Assistance and Training Provider for the Disability Employment Initiative (DEI), is a women-owned small business dedicated to advancing the employment and economic self-sufficiency of individuals across the full spectrum of disabilities nationwide. Diverse target audiences including government at all levels: the employer and business community, community and faith-based organizations, and person with disabilities and their families.

žDisability Scoop
The premier source for developmental disability news.

Executive Order No. 13-04
In April 2013, Governor John A. Kitzhaber submitted this order to take effect on July 1, 2013. This Order addresses employment services for those who have intellectual or developmental disabilities in Oregon.
State of Oregon Employment First Report: Bettering Employment Outcomes for Oregonians with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, January 2014.

Key Dates to Know Regarding Oregon Employment First & Executive Order 13-04, as of July 1, 2014   Employment First Key Dates 7-3-14

žInstitute for Community Inclusion
Promoting the inclusion of people with disabilities: For over 40 years, the Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) has worked to ensure that people with disabilities have the same opportunity to dream big, and make their dreams a fully included, integrated, and welcomed reality.

žNational Governors Association Chair’s Initiative (2012). A Better Bottom Line: Employing People with Disabilities. National Governors Association, Washington D.C. Retrieved from
The National Governors Association announced a new initiative, which aims to increase employment among individuals with disabilities. Specifically, it will focus on the employment challenges that affect individuals with intellectual and other significant disabilities and the role that both state government and business can play in facilitating and advancing opportunities for these individuals to be gainfully employed in the competitive labor market.

National Core Indicators
National Core Indicators (NCI) is a collaborative effort between the National Association of State Directors of Developmental Disabilities Services (NASDDDS) and the Human Services Research Institute (HSRI). The purpose of the program, which began in 1997, is to support NASDDDS member agencies to gather a standard set of performance and outcome measures that can be used to track their own performance over time, to compare results across states, and to establish national benchmarks.

National Organization on Disabilities (NOD)
Unemployment is one of the most profound issues facing the disability community. NOD is committed to increasing the employment rate of people with disabilities. To help job seekers with disabilities, NOD offers resources specifically addressing employment needs.

Olmstead Act
The decision of the Olmstead case: On June 22, 1999, the United States Supreme Court held in Olmstead v. L.C. that unjustified segregation of persons with disabilities constitutes discrimination in violation of title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act. The Court held that public entities must provide community-based services to persons with disabilities when (1) such services are appropriate; (2) the affected persons do not oppose community-based treatment; and (3) community-based services can be reasonably accommodated, taking into account the resources available to the public entity and the needs of others who are receiving disability services from the entity.

žPerez, T. (2012). Olmstead Enforcement Update: Using the ADA to promote community integration (testimony).
Retrieved from
“In recent testimony before the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor & Pensions (HELP Committee), Assistant Attorney General Thomas Perez of the Department of Justice’s (DOJ’s) Civil Rights Division discussed the Department’s Olmstead activities to date and shed some lights on future enforcement plans. Perez emphasized that his division is now focused not just on moving people out of institutions but also on ensuring that individuals “have the support and services that they need to lead successful lives in the community.”

Open Future Learning
This is an inexpensive resource for quality content. It has new and innovative on-demand video training modules featuring leaders/advocates in the disability field.

žPresident’s Committee for People with Intellectual Disabilities. (2009). 2009 Report to the president: Disability through employment. Washington, DC. Retrieved from

žState Employment Leadership Network (2012). Employment first resource list (l.u.). Retrieved from
“The emergence of the concept of Employment First in the disability field has resulted in the development of a multitude of documents, including state legislation, policies, reports, articles, etc. The attached list, developed by the State Employment Leadership Network (SELN), is an attempt to provide a comprehensive listing of these documents, to serve as a resource to policymakers, advocates, and others on issues related to Employment First. A primary emphasis with this list has been to identify legislation, regulations, and policy directives that have resulted in official Employment First policies. In addition, a variety of other reports from individual states, as well as variety of documents that provide a national perspective, have been included.”

žTraining Resource Network
Disability resources for inclusion through web and on-demand courses.

žU.S. Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy
The Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) was authorized by Congress in the Department of Labor’s FY 2001 appropriation. Recognizing the need for a national policy to ensure that people with disabilities are fully integrated into the 21st Century workforce, the Secretary of Labor delegated authority and assigned responsibility to the Assistant Secretary for Disability Employment Policy. ODEP is a sub-cabinet level policy agency in the Department of Labor.

žWashington Initiative for Supported Employment (2011). Employment in Washington State 2010 Report. Seattle, Washington. Retrieved from

žWashington State Department of Social & Health Services. (2012). Workgroup recommendations and plan for a new approach to employment and day services (Second Engrossed Substitute House Bill 1087, Chapter 50, Laws of 2011, Section 205 (k)). Olympia, WA. Retrieved from

žWashington State Employment Supports Performance Outcome Information System
This web site summarizes data collected on employment supports funded by the Washington Division of Developmental Disabilities and counties. Data are reported monthly at the individual level. The query modules allow users to create reports and graphs based on a number of individual characteristics. Trend Report: Provides a graph of trends in employment services data for an individual variable such as gross pay or average hours in paid work. Summary Report: Provides a summary of employment outcomes or supports at the state, region, County, or provider levels for a single month.

Employment Activities – Strategies & Progress / Outcome Measures, March 2011.

WISE Learning Center
This site has thirty minutes to one-hour training modules that cover several topics about supported employment; currently it is free of charge.


Career Development and Planning with the Person

žGriffin-Hammis Associates and The Center for Social Capital (2011). Discovering Personal Genius: Developing Vocational Themes.

McLean, D., Flannery, B., & Slovic R. (d.u.). Applying concepts of person centered planning to job and career development. Oregon Transition Change Grant, University of Oregon Specialized Training Program. Retrieved from

žMcLean, D., Owens, C, & Sowers, J. (2002). Self-directed employment for people with developmental disabilities: Issues, characteristics, and illustrations. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, volume 13, number 2. Retrieved from

žSoft Skills to Pay the Bills — Mastering Soft Skills for Workplace Success
A free curriculum developed by Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) focused on teaching “soft” or workforce readiness skills.

Spectrum Training Systems, Inc. Book and Conference Store
Spectrum Training Systems, Inc. exists to educate the parents, teachers, therapists and friends of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Our goal is to raise the awareness of ASD by personally bringing knowledge to the public through conferences and educational books.

žTraining Resource Network
Disability resources for inclusion through web and on-demand courses.

Oregon Employment Department gives information on Oregon’s employment status along with other statistical information related to various employment measures.


A Guide for Career Discovery
The Career Planning Guide: A Guide for Career Discovery was made possible by Missouri’s Planning Council for Developmental Disabilities’ continued commitment towards full community participation for persons with disabilities. It is designed to support job seekers to plan for, and achieve, integrated community-based employment earning competitive wages and benefits like other members of the community.

žBrown, K. & Condon, E. (d.u.). Using the discovery process to custom tailor employment for William. University of Montana, Rural Institute. Retrieved from

žMarc Gold & Associates
This organization consists of a network of consultants that provide training and technical assistance to systems, agencies, and families interested in ensuring the complete community participation of people with significant disabilities.

Transition from school to work

žAutism Transition Handbook, a Resource for Families
The development of this handbook was funded through grants from the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Delaware Department of Education. The Handbook was written by Brittany Hansen, M.Ed, Kate Dickey, and Todd Harris, Ph.D., Director of Autism Services, Devereux, and is currently maintained by Dr. Clare Papay, Assistant Professor of Special Education at Arcadia University and Alisha Hossain, an undergraduate student at the University of Pennsylvania.

žAutism Speaks Inc. Autism Speaks™ It’s Time to Listen & Design™ Employment and Other Options.
IDEA federal special education law required that school districts help students with disabilities make the transition from school to work and life as an adult. “As outlined in IDEA, one of the most important objectives of transition planning is to develop and implement a plan to secure employment. In order to do this, you and your young adult may want to consider activities that utilize his or her strengths as well as activities that he or she likes to do.”

Center on Transition Innovations – Virginia Commonwealth University
Emerging and evidence-based practices for high school transition.

žTindle, K., Leconte, P., Buchanan, L., Taymans, J. (2005). Transition Planning: Community Mapping as a Tool for Teachers and Students. Research to Practice Brief Improving secondary education and transition services through research, volume 4, issue 1. (available by subscription or for purchase)

“Community mapping is a tool grounded in a school-to-careers research base that can aid educators’ efforts in matching students’ transition needs with community assets. It is also a tool that can build teachers’ knowledge and awareness of community assets to create more effective transition plans. Additionally, it is an instructional activity that helps students explore organizations as well as career opportunities in their community. Community mapping can be a geographical mapping of a target community (concrete mapping) or an abstract mapping of assets or services within a target community (abstract mapping). Either way, it is a contextualized teaching and learning (CTL) approach that can acquaint teachers with the target community’s culture, resources, transition assets, and needs.”

žSocial Coaching Institute
Offering training and support to businesses, community service organizations and school districts, that support persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other social communication difficulties in career preparation and employment.

Texas Transition Resource Center
Key topic areas: Employment; kinds of jobs; who is involved; suggestions for the job search; making accommodations; and providing natural supports.


Job Development and Marketing

žAPSE Best Practices in Supported Employment
There are nine best practices that are encompassed in a customer-driven approach to supported employment from the Alabama APSE chapter.

žAutism Resources
A guide for vocational rehabilitation professionals, including a synthesis of existing literature, promising practices, and previously unpublished insights and suggestions from a national expert on autism and employment.

Bissonnette, D. (1994). Beyond traditional job development: The art of creating opportunity. Milt Wright & Assoc; Pap/Cas edition.
There is good reason that this book is affectionately referred to as the job developer’s Bible. Whether they be seasoned workforce professionals or newly-hired placement staff, this book is a goldmine of insights and tools for all readers. More than just a “how to” book, it is written in a spirit of respect and celebration for the job seeker, the job developer and the employer alike. Here are a few words taken from the preface: “Today the challenges and opportunities of the job developer are greater than ever, and the need for our services is felt more acutely than ever by those we serve. Never has there been a greater need for job developers to take an intelligent, business-minded, proactive and revolutionary approach to creating employment opportunities in our local communities… This book is as much for the rebel and the dreamer as it is for the goal-oriented pragmatist…Take what you like, add your own perspective, and continue shaping the work that you do as time and experience unfolds.”

žCondon, Kathy (d.u.). Connecting and Developing Potential in People. 55 Networking Tips, Free download from

žClymer, C., Wyckoff, L. (2001). Job Development Essentials: A Guide for Job Developers, Second Edition, Public/Private Ventures. “Job Development Essentials Second Edition” provides practical advice for workforce development professionals; the same advice found in the first edition, but with a stronger emphasis on engaging employers, providing expanded services to the business community and involving business people as resources and advocates for an organization.

žDiversity World: Enriching workplaces and reducing employment barriers
The beliefs behind Diversity World’s work: Everyone deserves the opportunity to participate fully within our economic communities; workplaces are enriched by the diversity of their workforces; and people should be values for their differences—not in spite of them.

žEmployment Services for Employers
Incentive programs for businesses provided by Worksource Oregon.

žKaletta, J., Binks, D., Robinson, R. (2012). Creating an inclusive workplace: Integrating employees with disabilities into a distribution center environment. Professional Safety, v.u. Retrieved from

“Many companies would like to employ people with disabilities but are concerned that this population is more expensive to employ and less safe than the general workforce. The Supply  Chain and Logistics Division at Walgreens Co., a 10,000-employee unit of a national retail pharmacy chain, debunks this myth by successfully employing hundreds of people with disabilities throughout its 21 U.S. distribution centers. This article shares specific performance statistics, as well as management policies, techniques and strategies that other companies can apply to their own workforces.”

žResource Center: Tools and training for volunteers and service programs
Established in 1993, the Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) is a federal agency that engages more than 5 million Americans in service through its core programs. The mission of CNCS is to improve lives, strengthen communities, and foster civic engagement through service and volunteering.

žTraining Resource Network
Disability resources for inclusion through web and on-demand courses.

žOne-page profiles: a one-page profile can be helpful to convey important information about a person. A one-page profile for employment can be used as a resume. It gives information about what is important to a person in a work setting, the person’s skills and abilities in a work setting, and the supports a person will need to work. This link gives general information on one-page profiles, not specific for employment but can help understand the idea of this type of document.

Click here to view an example of a One-page profile

Customized Employment

žGriffin-Hammis Associates, LLC
Griffin-Hammis Associates, LLC is a full service consultancy specializing in developing communities of economic cooperation and self-employment opportunities for people with disabilities. Griffin-Hammis serves people with disabilities by providing consultation in community rehabilitation improvement, job creation and job site training, employer development, self-employment feasibility and refinement, Social Security benefits analysis and work incentives, management-leadership mentoring, and civic entrepreneurship.

žGriffin-Hammis Associates, (2012). Thought sauce! Hot ideas for cool employmentRetrieved from
Griffin-Hammis have compiled a number of our most requested informational articles on Customized Employment into a downloadable manual for use as handouts in training sessions, for publication in newsletters (please ask first), and to strengthen staff in-service programs. We hope you find this resource convenient and useful.

Job Carving

žEnhancing Natural Supports Through Job Carving
Excerpted from: Griffin, C.C., Hammis, D. & Geary, T. (2007). The Job Developers’ Handbook: Practical Tactics for Customized Employment. Baltimore: Brookes Publishing.

Griffin, C. (d.u.) Job carving: A guide for job developers and employment specialists. (l.u.) Retrieved from


žGoar, C. (2012). Micro-loans unlock trap of mental illness. (l.u.) Retrieved from–goar-micro-loans-unlock-trap-of-mental-illness
This article summarizes a pilot project involving micro loans at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH).

žGriffin-Hammis Associates, LLC
Griffin-Hammis serves people with disabilities by providing consultation in community rehabilitation improvement, job creation and job site training, employer development, self-employment feasibility and refinement, Social Security benefits analysis and work incentives, management-leadership mentoring, and civic entrepreneurship.

žIncome Link
IncomeLinks assists people whom many might consider poor to generate income by starting their own micro-enterprise. We believe that assisting our customers in starting their own enterprise gives them the freedom and ability to take charge of their lives.

žOregon’s Small Business Development Center and
Small Business Development Center (SBDC) services are available to anyone who owns or operates—or is considering starting— a small business in Oregon. Business owners who seek SBDC services are found everywhere. They comprise a complete spectrum of business stages, from start-up to mature companies.

žžPeters, S., (2008). Asset building 1010: Micro-enterprise—Creating wealth for individuals and communities. Michigan Statewide LISC. Retrieved from

žStart-up USA: Self-Employment Technical Assistance, Resources and Training
Self-Employment Technical Assistance, Resources, & Training (START-UP / USA) is a partnership between Virginia Commonwealth University and Griffin-Hammis and Associates, LLC. Congress designated the cooperative agreement funds to ODEP for the further development of self-employment as an employment outcome for individuals with disabilities. ODEP’s mission is to provide national leadership by developing and influencing disability-related employment policy and practice affecting the employment of people with disabilities.

Job Accommodation Information

žJob Accommodation Network
A free resource to discuss individual work site accommodation solutions, technical assistance regarding ADA, and educate callers on self-employment options.

Employment success stories

žDusty’s Puppets

žInstitute for Community Inclusion

žMagic by Chris (Chris Budyka) 

žOregon Developmental Disabilities Coalition

žOregon Supported Employment Center for Excellence (OSECE)

žPeople working in Oregon

žPeople working in Washington
žThis site is designed to celebrate the success of people with significant developmental disabilities who are working in paid jobs throughout the Pacific Northwest and beyond. These individuals have forged valuable relationships and roles with their coworkers, employers, and community members, and possess solid workplace skills.


Job Coaching and Long-term Supports

žThe Village Integrated Service Agency
The mission of The Village Integrated Service Agency is to support and teach adults with psychiatric disabilities to recognize their strengths and power to successfully live, socialize and work in the community; and to stimulate and promote system-wide changes necessary so that these individuals may achieve these goals.

žTraining Resource Network
Disability resources for inclusion through web and on-demand courses.

Systematic Instruction

žCondon, E., Hammis, D., & Griffin, C. (2000). Systematic instruction and supported employment: A guide for employment consultants. The Rural Institute & Griffin-Hammis Associates, LLC (l.u.). Retrieved from

Flaherty, Mike (d.u.). Best Practice: Systematic instruction. The Rural Institute: The University of Montana.
The training participants learned was that Systematic Instruction, by definition and in practice, is a remarkable tool.

Miner, C., Storey, K. (2011). Systematic Instruction of Functional Skills for Students and Adults with Disabilities. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C Thomas Publisher, LTD.

Try Another Way by Marc Gold
An excellent short film on teaching people with significant disabilities new tasks. “This approach was based on a few fundamental beliefs: Everyone can learn but we have to figure out how to teach; students with developmental disabilities have much more potential than anyone realizes; and all people with disabilities should have the opportunity to decide how to live their lives.” (from The Minnesota Governor’s Council on Developmental Disabilities


Resources to Access Services

This information includes alternative funding, utilizing multiple resources and other financial information to achieve self-sufficiency.

žIndividual Development Account (IDA) – Oregon
IDAs provide an opportunity for low-income people to learn the financial skills they need to earn more money, give back to their communities and build Oregon’s economy. IDA is a matched savings account that enables low-income American families to save, build assets, and enter the financial mainstream. Every dollar a person saves is matched to help them reach their goals so they can: launch a new business, get the higher education and professional training needed to qualify for a better job, purchase a new home, make needed repairs to a home that is no longer habitable, and purchase technology needed to work such as hearing aids or a wheelchair accessible van.

žMichael Walling
Michael Walling of Benefits Training and Consulting provides workshops, internet-based training, and technical assistance throughout the United States. The focus of his work is the dissemination of information and the provision of technical assistance on public benefit programs, received by individuals with disabilities. Michael is committed to the belief that people will work and pursue greater self-sufficiency when they understand how income affects their benefit programs.  Informed choice is one of the first steps to improving self-sufficiency and personal independence.

žNeighborhood Partnership
A resource to assist with developing an Individual Development Account (IDA).

žOregon Commission for the Blind
The Oregon Commission for the Blind has been an important resource for Oregonians who are blind or visually impaired, as well as their families, friends, and employers. Their mission is to assist Oregonians who are blind or visually impaired in making informed choices and decisions to achieve full inclusion and integration in society through employment, independent living, and social self sufficiency. They are headquartered in Portland, but have field offices and resources available in Salem, Eugene, Baker City, Redmond, Medford, and Roseburg.

žOregon Vocational Rehabilitation (OVRS)
OVRS is a statewide resource for people with disabilities and is part of the Department of Human Services. OVRS assist individuals with disabilities in getting and keeping a job that matches their skills, interests and abilities. OVRS is a state and federally sponsored program which assists people with all types of disabilities, with the exception of Blindness or Deaf-Blindness, in all areas of the state. Their services are individualized, to ensure that each person who is determined eligible for support receives services that are essential to their employment success.

žSocial Security Administration
Social Security cash benefits and medical benefits are important to many people. Finding out the resources that social security can offer or to help understand different meanings behind different social security information will be important when someone is looking for work or working.

žThe Oregon Competitive Employment Project -Work Incentives Network
The Oregon Competitive Employment Project seeks to enhance the quality of life in Oregon by achieving, maintaining and advancing the competitive and inclusive employment of persons with disabilities. The project was funded by a four-year Medicaid Infrastructure Grant from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and is part of the Oregon Department of Human Services, Office of Vocational Rehabilitation Services. There are numerous resources on this web-page even though this grant has expired.

žVida Oregon
Vida Oregon assist people to strengthen financial well-being and build assets


Many resources are also available on the DHS website. Click here to check them out.

Key Dates to Know Regarding

Oregon Employment First & Executive Order 13-04

As of July 1, 2014